Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Sample Paper: Measure 1. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Attribute Data? Attribute Data can be changed into Continuous Data, whenever required Attribute Data cannot be made continuous even if measured at regular intervals Attribute data can be counted, ranked or sorted but not added, subtracted or averaged It describes a named attribute of a process2. Select the logical sequence of various steps followed in the Measure phase of a DMAIC project? Writing the Operational Definition - Measuring Baseline Capability – Measurement System Analysis - Developing a Data Collection Plan Writing the Operational Definition – Developing a Data Collection Plan - Measurement System Analysis - Measuring Baseline Capability Developing a Data Collection Plan - Measuring Baseline Capability – Measurement System Analysis - Writing the Operational Definition Any sequence can be followed3. VOC - Room is too hot. If the temperature is more than 24, it will be hot and less than 18, it will be too cold. Why can we not keep it at 21? What is the LSL, USL and the Target? 18, 24, 21 24, 18, 21 18, 21, 24 Cannot be said4. Which of the following statement is correct while considering Attribute Agreement Analysis? Team Reproducibility can be higher than Appraiser Repeatability Team Accuracy can be lower than Repeatability and Reproducibility Appraiser Repeatability can be lower than Team Accuracy Appraiser Repeatability can be lower than Appraiser Accuracy5. What is the pull down menu for Attribute Agreement Analysis in Minitab? Stat > Quality Tools > Create Attribute Agreement Analysis Worksheet Stat > Quality Tools > Gage Study > Attribute Gage Study (Analytic Method) Stat > Quality Tools > Attribute Agreement Analysis Stat > Quality Tools > Gage Study > Gage Study Type 16. In context of Measurement System Analysis, which of the following statement is NOT true? Measurement System Variation can be caused by Variation due to Operator or Variation due to Gage Measurement System Variation should be as large as possible Measurement System Variation should be as low as possible Variation due to Gage could be classified as accuracy error, precision error, stability error or linearity error7. In an inspection of 200 projectors, 5 defects are found in 3 projectors and remaining projectors had no defects. What is the DPU and Zlt? DPU = 0.050, Zlt = 1.66 DPU = 0.1, Zlt = 1.31 DPU = 0.025, Zlt = 1.97 DPU = 0.20, Zlt = 0.918. Which of the following statement is NOT true about the Process Capability and Performance Indices? Cpk is always greater than Ppk Pp can be greater than or equal to Ppk Cp can be greater than or equal to Cpk Ppk is always greater than Cpk9. A dye manufactures 10mm diameter bolts. If the bolt dimensions are more than +/- 0.01mm, they do not fit. The standard deviation measured is 0.05 and the mean is 10mm. What is the Sigma Level (Zlt)? 0.5 -1.0 0 Cannot be calculated10. Considering the various Sigma Level calculations, what will be the most plausible ascending order of their values? ZST, ZLT, ZEnt, Zgoal ZLT, ZST, Zgoal, ZEnt ZEnt , ZST, ZLT, Zgoal ZLT, ZEnt , ZST, Zgoal11. A quality team does visual inspection for scratches on the phone screen. If there is a scratch, the phone is deemed as defective. What is the best method to be used to calculate current performance level? DPMO Yield DPU RTY12. What is the Rolled Throughput Yield for the following process – 100 candidates apply for a job, out of which 75 clear the written test. Out of the 75, 50 clear the interview, all 50 are given the job offer. 35 candidates join. 25% 45% 35% 55%13. Which of the following elements describe Operational Definition?i) It ensures common, clear and consistent understanding of a measureii) It provides an air tight definition of a variableiii) It translates general understanding of a variable to specificiv) It helps impress the stakeholders i), ii) and iii) i), iii) and iv) i), ii), iii) and iv) i) and iv)14. Interpret the outcome for Attribute Agreement Analysis performed on Ordinal Data Set. Assume that there is no standard score. The Measurement System is acceptable The Measurement System is not acceptable The Measurement System can be accepted with caution depending on your process Cannot be said15. Interpret the results for Gage R&R from the outcome on the sessions window: The Measurement System is acceptable The Measurement System is not acceptable The Measurement System can be accepted with caution depending on your process Cannot be said16. Using the below information, what is the Sigma Level to be communicated to the customer?USL = 24LSL = 18Mean = 21Standard Deviation = 2.0 1.19 2.11 2.61 Cannot be said17. Which of the following statement that is NOT true for short term and long term performance? Short Term Performance involves sample data whereas long term data involves population data Short term performance includes only common cause variation Short term performance calculation uses the within subgroup variation Short term performance does not use rational subgrouping18. 500 projectors were inspected for 5 characteristics each. 150 defects were observed. What is the estimated short term sigma level (Zst)? 3.05 2.35 6.00 1.5519. If the average yield of a process is 95%, what is the the long term Z value? 3.14 2.14 1.00 1.6420. What does Cpk=0 imply? The process center has moved to one of the specification limits The process mean is zero The process has zero variation The process cannot be improved any further21. What will be the estimated sigma level for a process which has Specification Width twice as much as the Process Width? 3.0 sigma 1.5 sigma 4.0 sigma 6.0 sigma22. Which of the following statement about Non-Normal data is true? It is always erroneous data It is not the output of a natural process It should never be used for further analysis None of the above23. Which of the following statements is NOT true about Measurement System Analysis? The project cannot move forward unless the Measurement System is acceptable If the Measurement System is not acceptable, we can move to the next phase and not share the Measurement System Analysis with the stakeholders Measurement System Analysis is performed more than once in a DMAIC lifecycle Measurement System Analysis is best done without prior intimation to the operators24. Which of the following is NOT an objective of the Measure phase? Finalizing Performance Standards for CTQ 'Y' Completing Measurement System Analysis Creating a Control Plan Measuring Current Performance25. Complete the following statementAttribute Agreement Analysis is ____________ Generally used when the data is discrete Not used for Ordinal data Generally used when the data is continuous Not possible in the absence of a standard score26. Which of the following statement is NOT true? As variation increases, Sigma Level decreases As the mean moves closer to the center of the specification limits, the Sigma Level increases As the number of defects increase, the Sigma Level decreases Variation and mean do not impact the Sigma Level of a process27. In order to basket each ball, the player’s throw must be _______________ Accurate Precise Both Accurate and Precise Either Accurate or Precise28. If a weighing scale shows correct weight between the 0-30kgs range, but shows an error of 5kgs in the 30-100kg range, what kind of Gage Error is it? Stability Error Linearity Error Bias Accuracy Error29. If all appraisers agree with each other but do not agree with the standard, what is the possible action one can take? Train one of the appraisers Train the expert Explore the need to change the measurement system None of the above30. Instead of using the approximation of 1.5 shift, Z shift can actually be computed for which of the following type of data? Defects Defectives Continuous Irrespective of the date type, we always have to use the approximation31. If Pp=1.5 and Ppk=0.5, which of the following statement is true? The process needs to be addressed for being off-centered but not for variation The process needs to be addressed for variation but it is centered The process needs to be addressed both for variation and being off-centered The process need not be addressed for variation or for being off-centered32. If the data collection is automated in an industry (say in a contact center), which tool will you use to validate the measurement system? Logical Validation Attribute Agreement Analysis Continuous Gage R&R Analytic Gage R&R33. Which of the following is NOT a deliverable of Measure phase? Measurement System Analysis Selecting the project team Assessing Baseline Capability Creating Data Collection Plan34. Which of the following will use Crossed Design for Continuous Gage R&R Assessment? Blood Test Car Crash Test Diameter of a bolt Customer Satisfaction Rating for a phone call35. Which of the following statement is NOT true? Cp=Cpk implies that the process is centred Cpk<0 implies that a defect has occurred Cp is always greater than Cpk Cpk is always less than or equal to Cp36. The average turnaround time for resolving a problem ticket is 10 days and standard deviation is 1 day. What is the probability that we will be able to resolve a problem within 11 days? (Assume data follows normal distribution) 84.13% 95.68% 99.73% Cannot be calculated37. For ordinal data, which of the following will indicate the degree of alignment between different operators? Kappa Value Kendall’s Coefficient Number of Distinct Categories % Study ContributionTime is Up!