Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Sample Paper: Background This sample paper will check your knowledge on Background for LSS Black Belt Click on 'Next' to start 1. What does Six Sigma methodology focus on?Yield ImprovementImproved Customer SatisfactionImproved Speed of DeliveryAll of the above2. Choose the correct statement – The number of standard deviations that fit between the mean and the specification limits________Are the same as the Sigma level for the processDecrease with increase in standard deviationBoth a and bNeither a nor b3. Which if the following statement in NOT True?Standard Deviation decreases as variation in process decreasesSigma Level decreases with the increase in standard deviationSigma Level decreases with increase in defectsSigma Level is independent of the variation in a process4. Which of the following is NOT a Design Methodology?DFSSDMADVIDOVDMAIC5. A DMAIC project is usually initiated when ____________The problem has a known solutionThe problem has a known causeThe problem is chronicThe problem is short lived6. Who is credited as the father of Six Sigma?Mikel HarryBill SmithLarry BossidyJack Welch7. A view of Balanced Scorecard can help in which of the following?i). Provide a view of lagging indicators onlyii). Choose a project that is critical to the organizationiii). Understand the strategy of a companyiv). Understand which metrics are trending Redi, ii and iiiii, iii and ivi, iii and ivi, ii, iii and iv8. What is the 8th waste in Lean?MotionInventoryUnderutilized Human PotentialOver Processing9. Hiring process in an organization needs a hiring supervisor to send an approval email with an excel attachment for approvals from 3 levels up. Post the email approval, the hiring supervisor creates the hiring request on an online recruitment portal and requires approval from the same 3 levels up. This is an example of:Non Value Added Process StepsLow Sigma Level ProcessA diligent hiring supervisorValue Added Process Steps10. Which of the following statements is NOT true for a perfect normal distribution?Median and Mean are never the sameIt is symmetrical about the mean with 50% of the distribution to the left of the mean and 50% of the distribution to the right of the meanIt has a single central peak at the mean of the dataA taller, tighter curve means smaller standard deviation11. Authorizing a Project, allocating resources, acting as Process Owner till one is named are tasks aligned to which of the following roles?Process OwnerSponsorYellow Belt/Green belt/Black BeltFinance Director12. The _____________ is responsible for overall Six Sigma program within the company, removes roadblocks and has the responsibility for project closure.Yellow Belt/Green Belt/Black BeltDeployment ChampionProcess OwnerCEO13. Keeping items in their place for easy access and retrieval is related to which S in the 5S tool?Straighten/Set in Order/StabilizeShineStandardizeSustain14. Which of the following tool requires minimal investment and involves making small improvements on a continual basis?ParetoForce Field AnalysisKaizenPlanned Maintenance15. Getting every 15th airline passenger checking in to fill in a survey is an example of____________Random SamplingStratified SamplingCluster SamplingSystematic Sampling16. Which if the following is NOT a part of the “Perform” stage as it relates to the four stages of Team Management?Contribution comes from all membersContribution happens via ideas, innovation, creationIdentification of ResistorsStrong Relationships among members17. Mobilizing an army of key leaders and managers who can overcome all hurdles and are respected by all in the organization, relates to which step of John Kotter’s 8 step change management plan?Increase UrgencyDon’t Let upMake Change StickBuild a Guiding Team18. Which of the following is NOT a technique of keeping team members motivated throughout the DMAIC life cycle?Celebrating Quick WinsRewardingRotating responsibilities such as note takingCreating a Pilot Plan19. Teams that are characterized by fighting between different team members are called ____________________Floundering TeamsFeuding TeamsGroup-thinking TeamsRushing Teams20. Every team goes through four stages from formation to dismissal. What is the correct sequence?Form-Storm-Norm-PerformNorm-Form-Storm-PerformStorm-Norm-Form-PerformForm-Perform-Storm-Norm21. Which of the following methodology is preferred, when a radical transformation in a process is required?DMAICDMADVEither DMAIC or DMADVNone of the above22. The desirable sigma level for all processes is ______________a) 4.5 sigmab) 6 sigmac) Beyond 6 sigmad) Cannot be said23. As per the classic definition, ____________ focuses on defect reduction, whereas ___________ focuses on reduction of waste.Lean, Six SigmaSix Sigma, LeanConsumer, ProducerProducer, Consumer24. The main reason(s) of drawing a sample rather than working with population data is/are:A sample is less time consumingA sample is less costlyBoth of the aboveNone of the above25. Which of the following statement is correct about Continuous and Attribute Data?Continuous data shows the spread of the data whereas Attribute data does notContinuous Data does not allow any early warning signs and one gets to know only when the defect has occurredContinuous Data, if collected very infrequently, becomes attribute dataAttribute Data provides more information than continuous data26. For the following data set, which measure of central tendency will you prefer?2, 2, 3, 6, 7, 7, 8, 93MeanMedianModeNone of the above27. If the variance of a data set is 25 and the range is 9, what is the standard deviation?3.2345Cannot be computed28. Which of the following measures of spread considers each data point?RangeInter-Quartile RangeStandard DeviationNone of the above29. Which of the following is the most critical factor in dealing with organizational obstacles?A well-defined incentive systemWell defined organizational business goalsFull time six sigma leadersTop Management commitment and support30. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of measure of spread of data?The more the spread of the data, the larger is the range, standard deviation and varianceIf all the values in a data set are the same, the range, standard deviation and variance are all zeroThe less the spread of the data, the smaller is the range, variance and standard deviationIf all the values in the data set are very small, the range, the standard deviation and variance are negative.31. Which of the following is true in a perfect normal distribution?95.45% of the data lies inside +/-2 sigma limits1% of the data lies outside +/- 1 sigma limit95% of the data lies within +/- 3 sigma limitsNone of the above32. Which of the following equation represents the estimated relationship between ZLT and ZST ?ZLT + 1.5 = ZSTZLT - 1.5 = ZSTZST + 1.5 = ZLTZST / 1.5 = ZLT33. Which of the following are examples of continuous data?I. Height of womenII. Call Resolution Time in a Contact CenterIII. Number of Scratches on the screen of a mobile phoneIV. Pass/Fail based on completeness of formIII and IVI and III, II, III and IVII and III34. Which of the following CANNOT be identified using the Critical Path Method?The possible bottlenecks in a projectThe effects of deviating from scheduleHow some activities can be skippedThe feasibility of meeting project deadlines35. Which of the following statement is correct?Descriptive Statistics uses a sample to draw inferences for a populationInferential Statistics uses a sample to draw inferences for a populationInferential Statistics can never be reliableHypothesis testing forms a part of descriptive statisticsTime is Up!