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  1. Version 12

    6,800 downloads

    This is the Pre-Course study material for Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Training. Note: It is important to read this material before the training, as there will be a Quiz based on the pre-course material on the 1st day of the training.
    23 points
  2. The most essential facet of being a manager, be it in any walk of life, is for sure the one skill that differentiates him/her from anybody else and that is: Decision-making. It is most definitely the power, rather the ability of a person to take prudent, relevant and effective decisions that set him/her a notch ahead in the race that the corporate run comprises. Thus, we not only need to know what or why, but how to make decisions, how to make the choices that we make, to be able to foresee what lies in store having made those choices and to be positive that the alternatives have an opportunit
    19 points
  3. In the FMCG sector, our company is rated among the top 5 organisations both by the consumers and industry. Much of the success is attributed to the increased consumer confidence and round-the-clock shelf SKU availability of our product line. The role of our Purchase Division has always been at the core for achieving this mark. Over the years our team under your guidance has been able to keep the inventory at optimum levels thereby helping the Production Unit to make delivery on time. It is due to the careful execution of our fundamental function - 'Material Management' which ensures that raw m
    13 points
  4. As a Computer Illiterate growing up in the new millennium, I had tremendous difficulty making sense of how to do most of my stuff. Most of my decisions were snap, on-the-moment and intuitive ones. By the time I was in my teens, I had learnt my way around the big computer problem. My experiences and the Great Indian “Jugaad†mind-set had provided me with a sufficient enough method wherein I only worked on the computer when absolutely necessary. If there was any other way to do the task, any escape route, I gladly followed it. By now you must have realised that I was and am sceptic a
    13 points
  5. Data driven decision making (DDDM) As it is rightly said by Plato, “Necessity is the mother of inventionâ€; it comfortably fits in the life and business perspective. In today competitive world, we cannot even think of succeeding over others if we are not better than them. It is applicable in both day to day lives as well as in Businesses. In day to day life, we have numerous examples of us competing with our colleagues for ranks, posts or various other things. But it is the candidate which has better skills and qualities will always succeed. This thing is al
    12 points
  6. Q1 - How would you define, compare and contrast the following terms - Personal Excellence, Process Excellence, Operational Excellence and Business Excellence? (In your answer to this question, please explore these in detail and you may like to cover the following and more - You may like to explain how these are related. You may like to mention if it is possible to achieve one in absence of another? What should an Organisation actually pursue? What kind of approaches, techniques do you think are naturally likely to be included in these terms, etc.) You may like to carry
    10 points
  7. Excellence : Excellence is defined as the quality of being extremely good So what is Personal excellence? In simple words, setting up the bar higher [benchmark] in whatever activities, the individual(who is compared with the rest) does. Process Excellence: Providing an environment where the processes are highly stable and controlled with a minimal or no variation and with minimum or no wastage(Muda). Focus is on continuous improvement to ensure processes are highly stablized Operational Excellence: It reflects the way how as a person, unit, you or y
    9 points
  8. Cause is a variable which affects the outcome by increasing its chances or making it happen. Problem is the outcome of the cause. Scenario Understanding Conclusion Action A cause (X) may be necessary but not sufficient for a problem (Y) to occur. Problem (Y) occurs ONLY when cause (X) is TRUE Problem (Y) may not occur even when the cause (X) is TRUE Causes other than X (A, B, …) must occur together with X for p
    7 points
  9. Most of the textbook definitions of Six Sigma talk about Six Sigma being a strategy, methodology, metric, philosophy etc. There is another definition that I use in my training programs frequently. Lean Six Sigma provides you with world best methods of data driven decision making. If you are working in an organization or running a business, it is inevitable that you shall need to use data in decision making. Some pointers that highlight the importance of data driven decision making are given below. Even if one uses brainstorming techniques with teams, one can generate and use data.The use of
    7 points
  10. This album contains Benchmark Six Sigma Training Photographs from January to March 2019.
    6 points
  11. I suppose everyone agrees that if one is not good with numbers, career growth is likely to face a serious roadblock at one stage or the other. I have noticed several people who fear mathematics and this leads to certain problems in learning or applying Six Sigma. Many have already given up hope assuming that they can never cover up. Good news, however is that this weakness can be addressed by most people. It definitely needs a persistent effort to capture Mathematics concepts that are really important. Some of these are Algebra, Data Handling, Decimals, Equations, Exponents and powers, Fract
    6 points
  12. Data Driven Decision Making - injecting rationality in your gut feeling Sector: Banking Sector in India The data centricity of banking industry is the universal truth. Traditionally banking has been the one sector which handled the maximum data about any person that are particularly critical and dear to those persons as they deposit their trust with the banks in the form of their finances. In the recent times this has been further reinforced with the RBI implementing the “Know your Customer†mandate that aims to compuls
    6 points
  13. Description - Bench happily highlights that while planning his career, he had considered the choice between being a Generalist or a Specialist early in his life. Mark wants to know about the decision that he took. Bench says that he decided to keep options open for himself and proclaims himself as a "very general Generalist". After listening to Bench, Mark says that he has realized that he has taken a path different from the two options. He considers himself as a "specialized Generalist" or what can be considered as a "generalized Specialist". Bench want to understand what this means. Ma
    5 points
  14. Misuse of tools and techniques is a very common phenomenon. Misuse of a tool primarily happens because of two reasons 1. Intentional Misuse (it is better to call it as Misrepresentation) 2. Unintentional Misuse (due to lack of understanding of the concept) Pareto analysis or the 80/20 rule is a prioritization tool that helps identify the VITAL FEW from TRIVIAL MANY. 80/20 implies that 80% of problems are due to 20% of the causes. Intentional 1. Top 20% causes might not be the one leading to bigger problems - usually it is observed that causes with smaller
    5 points
  15. Version v12

    2,061 downloads

    This is the Pre-Course study material for Lean Six Sigma Black Belt Training. Note: It is important to read this material before the training, as there will be a Quiz based on the pre-course material on the 1st day of the training.
    5 points
  16. By and large, we come across situations where we favor the mean value of the outcome of a process (central tendency) to be focused around a specified targeted value with as less variation as possible (dispersion). There are situations where the variation assumes relatively higher importance than the central tendency; mostly because higher variations are more intolerable than some shifts in central tendency. Interestingly, there may be certain situations where variation or controlled variation is advantageous as well. Study of Process Potential: The process potential index Cp
    5 points
  17. Generic Definition: Necessary means something needed. Sufficiency - an amount of something that is enough for a particular purpose 1). A cause may be necessary but not sufficient for a problem to occur: This means that the problem did/do not arise because of a single cause. There could be multiple causes which could lead to the problem Eg: An Application running in the system is responding very slowly. We could think that it could be due to less memory space in hard disk/RAM . But it may not be the only reason. It could be due to too many app
    5 points
  18. Creating an idea is personal excellence. Creating efficient process for that idea is process excellence. Executing that idea effectively is operational excellence. Gaining profits through that idea is business excellence.
    5 points
  19. I observed that the scope of six sigma has increased it is now applicable in many industrial sectors. When Bill Smith created this methodology his main focus was defect reduction and improvement which brings excellence and process improvement, later on Quality formed the core of other methodology/framework too. I have seen that the approach of employees toward quality management has not yet changed, they still consider this as the job of quality unit, as for them quality means compliance, reporting, QMS manual and most importantly Audits. I found that organizations are spen
    5 points
  20. “A point of view can be a dangerous luxury when substituted for insight and understanding. – Marshall Mcluhan †We all have come a long way from industrial revolution where mass production and consumption was the order of the day. Over the years, the once not so knowledgeable consumer has transformed into a living storehouse of information. What has changed over the years? Why did the companies who were the industry leaders at one point of time failed miserably later on? What changed? The answer to all this lies in data. In our thirst to find newer markets for products and differ
    5 points
  21. Once when asked what he does, if the data does not support his decision, John Maynard Keynes replied – “I change my opinion. What do you do?†In a haystack of information today, that one thing which helps organizations take sound decisions is the ‘analysis of data’. Often, companies find themselves in situations where from a variety of choices, they need to pick one. In such cases, data-driven decision making enables following a systematic procedure. A successful completion of any process begins from a decision well made. It forms the first step of any execution proc
    5 points
  22. Check this debate between Bench and Mark on announcing winners for a contest. Is Bench incorrect here? Description - There is an announcement that the results for Men vs Women contests are about to be announced by Bench an Mark. The reward is to be given to better performing gender. To add spice to the contest, men and women had been divided into younger and older folks. Bench comes on stage and says that he will announce the result with some analysis. He explains that younger men have done better than younger women. He then goes on to show that older men ha
    4 points
  23. Who does not like a pat on the back!! We also like it and hence we would like to hear from you. Your positive feedback helps us stay motivated and continue to deliver excellent workshops. Please click on 'Reply to this Topic' and share the comment that you want to be displayed on this forum as your positive feedback? We value your opinion!!!
    4 points
  24. The following Japanese words related to “handling of manpower” in production process according to the organizational requirements; Shojinka: This is the Japanese word that originated from the lean manufacturing principles of Toyota. When we translate from Japanese to English, it gives direct meaning of “Various people”, shortly it can be “Vary people". i,e Flexible manpower lines maintain productivity with fluctuating demand. Shoninka: It means “Manpower saving”, by providing machines / equipment in order to free one or two operators: Shoryokuka: It means “ labour savings” par
    4 points
  25. Lean Six Sigma learning can impact your future in several ways: Enhanced ability to make the right decisions - Professional and business success depends on this. Lean Six Sigma provides a set of world's best decision approaches that have proved there worth in a wide variety of settings. It pays to learn these techniques. Personal worth - People who are able to solve key problems systematically are the most sought people in an organizational setting. Engaging others - It is possible for you to facilitate action-based team learning if you gain this competence. Lean Six Sigma
    4 points
  26. Kaizen : It is a combination of two Japanese words , kai and zen . Kai means “Change” and Zen means “for the better” resulting in the meaning as “Change for the better”. It refers to any continuous improvement done in workplace, using small incremental changes Kaikaku: It is the Japanese term for ‘ radical change’ . It talks about the fundamental cum radical changes that we make to the system, in which we are working Kakushin: In Japanese it means ‘Innovation’ . It talks about the fact that changes done in the system (that we work upon) can sometimes lead to a paradigm shift in
    4 points
  27. Hi All Please find below comparison on the topic. Hope I can connect to the lot here. Business Excellence Process Excellence Operational Excellence Personal Excellence INQUIRY What am I supposed to do How am I supposed to do When am I supposed to do Who am I CRITERIA Vision
    4 points
  28. Business Excellence 4 Sept 2017.docx Define, Compare and contrast Personal Excellence, Process Excellence, Operational Excellence & Business Excellence. Personal Excellence: - Is a state of an individual or any person in which the individual or a person inherits an excellent or highest level of ability to be fully aware and to be fully able to rightly work upon one’s own strengths and weaknesses. This is a state that a person or an individual has reached upon experiencing the higher degree of self-evaluation & at which the person or an individual can guide o
    4 points
  29. My simple take in this is that the relationship described in this is reversely related i.e. Business Excellence cannot happen without Operational Excellence which cannot be achieved with no Process Excellence which in turn cannot be conceived without Personal Excellence. In other words, excellence of a business is directly interlinked to the personal excellence quotient of its founders, core members and its employees. A sense of desire to achieve self excellence in individuals leads to defining excellent process in an organization which leads to operational excellence within business units whi
    4 points
  30. The story revolves around the growing of square watermelons in Japan. Japanese grocery stores had a problem. They are much smaller than their US counterparts and therefore don’t have room to waste. Watermelons, big and round, wasted a lot of space. Most people would simply tell the grocery stores that watermelons grow round and there is nothing that can be done about it. But some Japanese farmers took a different approach. ”If the supermarkets want a space efficient watermelon,” they asked themselves, “How can we provide one?” It wasn’t long before they invented the square watermelon.
    4 points
  31. When fire broke out in an office, the reason identified was a burning cigarette butt. Few minutes later, a Master Black Belt was seen throwing burning cigarette butts at several places in the office. Aghast at his behavior, senior people summoned him up at the meeting room. He explained - Well, you see we cannot conclude unless we have enough samples!!!
    4 points
  32. Version 1.0.0

    409 downloads

    This zip file contains the study and exercise content for Lean Six Sigma Green Belt Training. You are requested to download and save this file in the laptop you will be using throughout the training. Note: It's important to download this file before the training to avoid any delay at the venue
    3 points
  33. They say that if you put a frog into a pot of boiling water, it will leap out right away to escape the danger. But if you put a frog in a kettle that is filled with water that is cool and pleasant and then gradually start heating the kettle until the water starts boiling, the frog will not become aware of the threat until it is too late. The frog's survival instincts are geared towards detecting sudden changes. Don’t most of us suffer from this short-sightedness? Aren’t we always obsessing over short-term events and not taking cognizance of the bigger picture? This could be a major
    3 points
  34. Hello Team Thank you for asking the two questions per week. The questions that you ask are extraordinary. They make the boring LSS tools look very interesting :) Kudos to all of you for asking such amazing questions. These questions have helped me immensely. While writing the answers to these questions, I have got a better conceptual clarity and understanding of the tool. The competitive spirit makes it even more interesting. I eagerly wait for 5 pm on Tuesdays and Fridays. Obviously I love when I win (specially on a Friday) but I also feel jealous if I don't win. But i
    3 points
  35. Gemba Study Gemba is a Process Walk, as an informational tour of the area where the work is taking place. Gemba Walk is a series of structured, on-site interviews with representative process participants and SPOCs’ with the goal of gaining a comprehensive understanding of the process. In a service based industry, interviews focus on detail such as process time, wait time, defect rates, root causes and other information that can lead to targeted improvements. It also helps in knowing the process environment and the work culture of the process. Gemba walks should not be c
    3 points
  36. Gurneet (Banta's wife) displays her flow chart learning through a real life domestic flow chart.
    3 points
  37. Against:- Zero defect is a Nirvana stage. When there is no waste, no unwanted activities in process of making a product. No matter how much money you invest, there will always be some waste generated/ some activity that is a not adding any value to the product. You take any organization with world class equipment,processes, technologies. They are still struggling to achieve Zero Defect, because it is practically impossible. I am not telling that Organization should stop working to achieve zero defect. Considering "Zero defect" as a concept is
    3 points
  38. Everyone has brought out great points which deserve to be respected. The passion to believe that 'Zero Defect' is NOT an impossibility is very encouraging. However, prior to this debate, the question was initially asked as a Yes / No question with no conditions and no room for explanations or deeper interpretations - "Is Zero Defect achievable?". All the answers that support this have some conditions attached., viz. it comes with a cost, it is possible with sufficient planning, could be done with mistake proofing, it is a management concept etc. etc. I am a strong supporter of the
    3 points
  39. I agree with Ms. Reena And Ms. Kavitha but I would like to add some points to explain more for Mr Venugopal as I am not agree with you because here we are not talking about zero defect in general. We are talking about zero defect in industries, services sector, telecom sector, manufacturers, car manufacturers, vehicle manufacturers and many more. For any organisation business performance and profit making and satisfaction of customer is the main goal. If any organisation has aimed to achieve some financial goal with satisfaction of customer and if they achieve it then we can say that
    3 points
  40. This is a multiple choice question carrying 100 points for right answer. Closes at 11 PM IST tonight.
    3 points
  41. Q37 - The seven wastes of Lean is a great concept and has been an eye opener for many professionals. Let us assume that a leadership/ business ownership team member asks you - What are some of the ways we can put this concept to good use in the organization?. What would you say? Note for website visitors - Two questions are asked every week on this platform. One on Tuesday and the other on Friday. All questions so far can be seen here - https://www.benchmarksixsigma.com/forum/lean-six-sigma-business-excellence-questions/ Please visit the forum home page at https://ww
    3 points
  42. Kaizen(change + better) Kaikaku (change + revolution) Kakushin (new or innovation + revolution) Definition Kaizen => Kai (change) + Zen (better) => Change for better. It is Small incremental changes for continuous improvement / evolutionary improvement. Kaikaku => Kai (change) + kaku (revolution) => Change for revolution. More radical, step changes needed to improve the process/business on existing system
    3 points
  43. Kaizen, Kaikaku and Kakushin are three approaches within Lean which have their roots from Toyota. They work well together and have different areas of focus and magnitude of impact/risk. The table below provides differentiation and tips for their implementation. Kaizen - Kai – Change, Zen – Good Kaikaku – Radical Change Kakushin – Innovation Definition Evolutionary change for better focused on incremental improvements Revolutio
    3 points
  44. Personal Excellence - Personal excellence is a concept. It means striving to become the best possible expression of who we are on a core level. Process Excellence - Process excellence is about process effectiveness and efficiency. It requires processes to be designed and improved for consistent delivery with minimum variation and minimum waste. It is the domain of Six Sigma and Lean." Operational Excellence -Operational Excellence is an element of organizational leadership and organizational intelligence that focuses on meeting customer expectation, all while stressing the applicati
    3 points
  45. Definition: Process Excellence: It is a methodology focusing upon continuous improvement by designing and mapping detailed process steps that helps removing wastes and increases the efficiency. Personal Excellence: It is an ability to enable oneself to create solutions in every possible situation. To enable yourself think sequentially to control and manage yourself in emotional and mental state. This deals with self-confidence, personal goals, vales etc. Operational excellence: In every organization there is a flow of value/services to the customer. Operati
    3 points
  46. Dear Sandeep, Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is there in the industry for quite sometime now but more popularized in last 3 or 4 years. Considering the competition in every industry, every organization is trying to keep their operating cost low and provide the right product or service with right quality to the customers. It has become mandatory to every organization to search and implement new methods of production to improve the margins and quality at same time. RPA is becoming new buzz word or new method to talk and implement as every customer, organization, Industry are lookin
    3 points
  47. By not being Mutual Exclusive By not being Collectively Exhaustive By not implementing the findings
    3 points
  48. The difference lies in the definition iteself. DPMO (Defects per Million Opportunities) talk about the defects while DPPM (Defectives parts per Million) talks about the defectives. Take an example: A car manufacturer produces 1000 cars with each car having 50 checkpoints. Hence Units - 1000 Opportunities - 1000*50 = 50000 Assume, 10 cars are defective while the total number of defects are 250 (i.e. these 10 cars cumulatively failed on 250 checkppoints). Hence Defectives - 10 Defects - 250 DPMO = 250/50000*1000000 = 5000 DPPM = 10/1000*1000000 = 10000 Typically in a service
    3 points
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