Automation - use of technology to enable machines / systems / processes do repeatable and mundane tasks without human involvement. Primary focus is on the production / process functions
Autonomation/Jidoka - Intelligent Automation or Automation with a Human Touch. It is one of the main tenets of Toyota Production System. Primary focus is on the supervisory function. Autonomation enables the machine to stop in case it detects an anomaly. This prevents production of defective products and eliminates over production. At Toyota, this is a four step process
1. Machine identifies the anomaly
2. Machine stops working
3. Fix/correct the anomaly
4. Identify the root cause and correct it
An application oriented question on the topic along with responses can be seen below. The best answer was provided by Venugopal R on 26th September 2017.