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Deepak Pardasani

Lean Six Sigma Black Belt
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About Deepak Pardasani

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    Deepak Pardasani
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    Assistant General manager

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  1. If you ask the firm , say how many Six Sigma ventures were a long haul achievement and more than likely relatively few will say "every one of them." Six Sigma for Change,Why? Since most will have invested an excessive amount of energy concentrating on devices and procedures, including DMAIC and DFSS, and too brief period on dealing with the "individuals side" of progress. At the point when Six Sigma experts need change the executives competency and the capacity to lead individuals – not simply forms – undertakings can be bound for long haul disappointment. The estimation of putting resources into the "individuals side" of Six Sigma activities is generally recognized. So significant is change the executives that GE actualized the Change Acceleration Process (CAP) to quicken Six Sigma results. In CAP, the recipe for progress is QxA=E (specialized quality occasions association acknowledgment rises to viability). As per a 2013 article in Plant Services Magazine, Bill Wilder, Director of the Life Cycle Institute, said that Jack Welch is affirmed to have expressed that half of the time ought to be centered around "An" exercises. Here are four incredible approaches to help create viable change the board in your Six Sigma groups and inside your association: Fabricate Awareness and Desire Everything begins with building mindfulness and want for change the executives competency inside the Six Sigma group. For some Black Belts who have just contributed a unimaginable measure of time to get confirmed, the idea of investing more energy in preparing isn't constantly a solace. This is the reason official supervisory crews must impart the reasons why change the executives competency is vital for progress. Conversation focuses to be incorporated: Undertakings have a superior shot at remaining on schedule and spending plan Supervisors will designate significant assets all the more promptly and show support all through the venture Opposition from representatives and different partners will diminish Worker efficiency will be less affected by the change Learn and Practice Effective Change Management Skills When mindfulness and want for change the board competency have been built up, it is the ideal opportunity for the change agent(s) to pick up information and become familiar with the procedure. Despite the fact that this instruction can be gotten in various manners, going to affirmation preparing is one of the quickest and best methods for learning the vital aptitudes. Affirmation classes can be discovered both on the web and off, and a few organizations will pay the related expenses. Careful discipline brings about promising results The main reasonable method for getting capable at the handy use of progress the board instruments and procedures is to work on utilizing them. Information is acceptable, yet use of information is better, particularly with regards to dealing with the "individuals side" of progress. For the duration of the life of every single Six Sigma venture there will be any number of factors, for example, culture, history, or official help that can possibly warn the train of its tracks, so no change operator ought to ever be tricked into intuition they have "aced" the administration procedure. Reward and Reinforce To guarantee change is supportable, specialists should compensate and strengthen change authority social abilities inside the group, praise victories, and perceive the important commitments of colleagues. A definitive objective of any Six Sigma change specialist is to convey extends viably. To make this goal a reality, hold onto change the board as the most significant buddy train and urge Black Belts to concentrate on the "individuals side" of progress. By doing so you can help guarantee your interest in Six Sigma produces incredible returns.
  2. Six Sigma for people - If like to find gaps in process and take the process to Ideal working condition by elimination waste or hurdles, If you like to do process improvement to achieve your monthly / Quarterly / yearly targets or Even if you are some one who keeps taking projects and tries to complete it on time
  3. Quality Control Quality Assurance QC is a method that deliberates on fulfilling the standard request. It is a method that deliberates on providing assurance that quality request are achieved. A QC aim is to spot and improve the defects. A QA aim is to forestall the defect. QC is a methodology to verify quality. QA is that the technique of managing quality. QC continually involves Executing the program. QA doesn't involve executing the set of related measures or activities Testing team is answerable for QC. All team members are chargeable for QA. QC means that Action for Executing the planned method. QA means that designing for doing a method. Statistical Technique used on QC is understood as applied Statistical Quality Control (SPC). Statistical Technique used on QA is understood as Statistical Process Control (SPC) QC ensures that positive results of what you've got done are what you expected. QA makes certain you're doing the correct things. QC ensures that the standards are followed while engaged working on the Product. QA Defines standards and methodologies to followed so as to fulfill the client needs. QC is the method to verify that deliverable. QA is that the method to form the deliverable. QC is accountable for product testing life cycle. QA is chargeable for full Product development life cycle. QC Example: Validation. QA Example: Verification
  4. At our company we tend to build custom Radiators, we've a really thorough method for quality assurance, however generally, problems with unforeseen or uncontrollable circumstances (such as Furnace issue, Aluminum is staple – pre process Issue , Welding .) may end up in a very crucial issue moving our schedule, which may have a big impact on our shopper Satisfaction or FTR for that matter. this is often why we elect to prevent the road once crucial problems arise — to prevent, working, and resolve the problem, and learn the way to forestall it from occurring once more. We take these styles of issues very seriously, since a relentless target delivering client price is at the core of everything we tend to do. scan to learn how we use Lean ideas at the structure level to tackle potential problems head-on, address them quickly, and use them as opportunities to form our product and our folks stronger. Pull the Cord- a well known internal control mechanism from Toyota is that the Andon wire. The wire may be a thanks to alert others of problems on the assembly line; everybody has the authority to tug the wire. actuation the wire like a shot stops production and broadcasts an indication, alerting others that there's a crucial issue that desires a right away response. In Lean producing, a supervisor would then facilitate the employee review the problem and verify next steps. At Our company, groups and leaders work along to resolve the problem and learn the way to forestall it from occurring once more. Pulling the Andon wire is inspired in Lean environments as a result of it blocks defects from reaching customers, and creates a chance to enhance the system to forestall future defects. This is why we tend to utilized a Red light-weight Bulb Andon wire at our Company. Anyone within the company World Health Organization finds a potential issue in our product will press red light- bulb Andon wire. When this happens, we tend to check that the assembly supervisor is created responsive to the case. If he fails to retort, Production manager is created Aware by communication system. We’re careful to make sure that these notifications solely embody noted data, to form positive that we tend to properly establish truth issue Associate in Nursing realize an acceptable, sustainble resolution. Swarm round the Issue (Obeya) Once the matter is escalated to production manager if Supervisor is unable to resolve, Supervisors of alternative method , maintenance manager , quality Team gather to resolve the problem and sort of a team issue square measure solved . The Product Managers and alternative department Leaders can roll up and begin screening the matter at the station. this is often what we tend to usually decision a “war room” scenario; in Lean producing, it’s noted as obeya. everybody who’s required to form crucial choices to mend the problem is instantly offered. We try this to hurry communication and higher cognitive process, that is crucial to determination the problem quickly. The folks fixing the problem don’t have to be compelled to stay up for permission or additional data before acting, since everybody they have to speak with is quickly offered. It conjointly ensures everyone seems to be on constant page regarding the problem at hand, its underlying cause, the chosen resolution, and any established success criteria. Go to the Gemba Usually, team can gather on the station of the team affected and short the matter there. This reflects the spirit of the Lean concept gemba, which accurately suggests that “the real place”. This is the thought that once attempting to handle a problem, you move to the place wherever the problems exists. this may sometimes mean the work. It’s necessary to notice that our leadership is usually gift within the “war room”, since that's wherever they will see the case most clearly and supply the simplest steerage. Make the Work Visible When the team is in suit to handle the problem, they’ll like a shot post a card to our development Roadmap Kanban board. This board encompasses a specific lane at the terribly prime for these kinds of problems. we try to form the problem and its ensuing work as visible as potential to the whole company, thus everybody has Associate in Nursing understanding of what went wrong and the way it is prevented within the future. Limit Downstream Impact Limit alternative WIP The card is labelled with the groups that square measure tormented by the problem and the other cards for those groups square measure blocked to point out that this card is everybody’s prime and solely priority till it’s resolved. block alternative cards conjointly makes it clear to alternative groups what work is being tormented by the problem. This lane is taken into account Associate in Nursing Expedite lane, which means that the team ought to work on cards during this lane before resuming or beginning the other work, so as to maneuver the cardboard through the board as quickly as potential. we tend to conjointly place a WIP (work in process) limit of one on the Expedite lane to stay the team targeted on resolution the problem before endeavor the rest. This prevents context change and ensures that any issue moving our method is resolved as quickly as potential. Stop the Line (Jidoka) The next step is that the hardest for any organization: stopping the road. In Lean, this idea is termed jidoka. It follows the idea that to possess the simplest quality for your product and also the best chance for continuous improvement, you want to stop all production once a problem happens and fix the problem before resuming work. Stopping the road may sound crazy to several, since no price is delivered from any a part of the organization if all activities stop — however this sort of thinking is short-sighted. Failing to resolve problems as they occur solely ends up in Associate in Nursing insurmountable pile of technical debt, that keeps your organization from having the ability to maneuver forward. The only thanks to handle problems in a continuous improvement environment is to visualize every issue as a chance for improvement, and a stepping stone for gradual growth. Idea in follow This is essential to quality, since work done by different groups cannot solely interfere directly with the efforts to repair the difficulty, however it's going to additionally produce downstream work for the individuals on the team fixing the difficulty. as an example, let’s say team A is functioning on resolution a vital issue. Meanwhile, team B is implementing changes that need review or another kind of involvement from members of team A. Hopefully, team A is concentrated entirely on fixing the vital issue. If team B continues to implement the work they’re doing, they run the danger of making even a lot of work for team A once the difficulty is resolved. Team A won't be up to hurry on the selections that are created, therefore they’ll got to pay time ramping up, and may miss a number of the knowledge they have so as to implement the work properly, that might have an effect on the success of the implementation. Now imagine this happening with some different groups whereas the road is stopped. you'll be able to get into a state of affairs wherever work is queuing up, waiting on the team members WHO are addressing the difficulty. The longer this work sits, the a lot of chance there's for it to become stale and have a bigger risk of its own problems once it's enforced. It’s the danger of those downstream problems that warrant stopping all this different work throughout a “stop the line” issue. Fixing problems later, downstream of any method, is nearly continuously dearer. we've got to understand that the value of stopping the road and having under-utilization will typically outweigh the value of lost productivity throughout stop the road problems. This doesn't mean anyone not performing on the difficulty merely sits idle. this is often a chance for them to figure on continuous improvement comes, as long as those comes won't produce a negative downstream impact on those performing on the difficulty. These idle team members will work on automation, testing, skilled development, etc. we tend to raise our groups to stay a backlog of those styles of comes so that they will simply decide them up once a stop the road happens. a very important aspect of this kind of labor is that it has to be simply paused once the road starts once more still. Practice Continuous Improvement Once the difficulty has been resolved, we tend to ensure that the resolution is communicated to the complete company. However, we tend to don’t right away begin the road once more nonetheless. Fixing the immediate issue is merely the primary half. In a shot to attempt for continuous improvement, or kaizen in Lean word, the groups concerned hold a retrospective to review the difficulty and the way effective our method was around resolution it. During this retrospective, the team members attempt to seek out the foundation explanation for the difficulty exploitation techniques like the 5 Why’s. Then, they discuss doable enhancements to our development method to forestall problems like this within the future. It’s important that the team comes away with unjust things which will be enforced right away, beside some plan of what success can seem like — and a timeline for after we may begin to check those edges. The outcomes of the retrospective are recorded and reviewed with relevant groups and organizations. Use Metrics sagely Each stop the road incident is monitored and varied knowledge is collected throughout the resolution method. we tend to then use this knowledge to know however we tend toll we handle such incidents. however typically do they occur? however long will it take USA to resolve them? however typically can we bog down whereas resolution the issue? What areas of the appliance have the foremost issues? These metrics are sporadically reviewed by development leadership to see if there ar opportunities for improvement at higher levels of our method. It’s imperative that we tend to use these metrics rigorously, as a result of the last item anyone needs is to discourage staff from stopping the road once it’s necessary. If management were to react poorly to metrics regarding the frequency or period of stop the road incidents, this might be the case. Metrics regarding these rare, however important, incidents ought to be seen as opportunities for improvement. we would like to encourage all staff to drag the Andon wire and doubtless stop the road if they see any major problems in our product, as a result of this is often however we tend to follow continuous improvement. It’s everyone’s responsibility to make the setting wherever staff feel safe to try and do therefore. Lean Core Values Lean core values are continuous improvement, respect for individuals, and a relentless concentrate on delivering client price. Stopping the road to resolve problems as they occur is a superb example of living these values. We show respect for our customers by right away coping with any issue which may keep them from having the ability to use our product. Out of respect for our peers, after we have a stop the road issue, we tend to halt any activities that might increase the work of these affected. we tend to permit them to place down everything they’re doing so they will be utterly centered on resolution the vital issue. We additionally work to make associate setting wherever anyone feels snug escalating a difficulty to the current vital level. This is, of course, difficult — as a result of nobody needs to be the whistle blower. however it’s vital if we tend to hope to continue on a path of healthy, sustainabl growth. We stop the road so we will follow continuous improvement at the structure level. With the resolution of every stop the road issue, we tend to become smarter, our product becomes higher, and we’re higher able to forestall problems from occurring within the initial place. All of those efforts are stock-still in our commitment to delivering client price, that drives each call we tend to build.
  5. Groupthink may be a difficult construct. Irving Janis, a social scientist attributable because the initial to develop the concept, outlined it as a ““psychological phenomenon in which people strive for consensus within a group.” initially Janis’ combat decision making doesn’t appear thus dangerous. After all, isn’t the purpose of meeting to assemble people along to come back to associate degree arranged call regarding what must be done? However, Dictionary.com defines decision making as “the apply of approaching issues or problems as matters that are best restricted by agreement of a group instead of by individuals; conformity.” Ah, there’s the rub. tucked behind the punctuation mark may be a one-word definition of decision making that captures in totality exactly what’s wrong with this phenomenon: conformity. Just after you thought that conformity was a malady restricted primarily to high colleges and community neighbourhood associations, it rears its ugly head within the room, making a military of clones at your geographic point. Groupthink generally happens Associate in Nursing exceedingly in a very} geographic point culture wherever staff concern having an opinion that differs from the ruling majority. In some cases the concern is because of AN employee’s own insecurities and his/her need to fit-in with the cluster. In alternative cases, leadership has cultivated a culture of concern by taking part in favourites with numerous staff, teams and departments, and/or close themselves with “like-minded” individuals. Environments wherever deciding thrives generally price harmony and avoid conflict, however the difficulty thereupon approach is that there is no vital analysis of ideas and solutions while not considering totally different opinions from those at intervals, similarly as those outside a bunch. Psychology textbook author, Kendra Cherry, expressed in a very recent article on deciding, “The suppression of individual opinions and inventive thought will result in poor decision-making and inefficient problem-solving.” the nice news is there area unit steps you'll be able to go for address and overcome this challenge, however 1st we’ll examine a way to apprehend whether or not or not your meeting goes nice or going toward deciding. In his in depth analysis on deciding, Janis developed a list of eight symptoms that your cluster is united jointly, and not in an exceedingly great way. They are: 1. cluster cohesiveness is viewed as additional necessary than individual freedom of expression 2. The cluster operates in AN insulated atmosphere 3. cluster leaders demonstrate impartial behaviour 4. there's no commonplace methodology in situ for evaluating ideas and choices 5. Members’ social backgrounds and beliefs area unit consistent 6. The cluster is underneath tons of stress to perform 7. The cluster has old recent failures 8. there's excessive issue placed on the task of constructing a call, like an ethical quandary If throughout your conferences, you notice your cluster displaying any of the aforesaid symptoms, don’t panic; Janis additionally developed eight steps you'll want facilitate avoid decision making and stop killing important thinking and inventive problem-solving in your cluster. Here are some steps on a way to eliminate decision making and avoid it altogether. Step 1: need everybody within the cluster to judge ideas critically: This step is definitely performed by asking everybody within the cluster to require a quiet moment to write each execs and cons of ideas that are submitted before they're mentioned. If you're still upset concerning workers feeling free enough to precise themselves you'll use a polling app that enables individuals within the cluster to vote or touch upon topics anonymously. Step 2: If you’re leading the cluster, keep your opinions to yourself: The trouble with being a frontrunner is that your opinions have an enormous influence on others and timid workers can turn over before dissident along with your opinion or submitting a plan that's higher than yours. If your opinions lead a discussion, you may invariably miss nice opportunities to find individual abilities and strengths in your cluster that will prove important to future successes. Step 3: If you’re the cluster leader, take into account being a no-show: Because visual communication is almost not possible to cover, you don’t got to say something for individuals within the cluster to understand however you are feeling a couple of topic, therefore don’t offer them the chance. Let members recognize you price their ideas most that you just arrange to be absent from sure cluster conferences wherever your presence can to a fault influence the result. Step 4: take into account a team approach: If your cluster is giant, take into account indiscriminately dividing of us into smaller teams to figure on a similar downside. Not solely will this approach foster comradeship between workers, it fuels a competitive atmosphere wherever the simplest ideas will win. Step 5: completely examine all alternatives: Once your cluster has compiled a listing of ideas or solutions, submit those ideas to the same technique of analysis that answers queries such as: however will this idea support the goal? What are the costs? What are the risks? Etc. Step 6: Get Associate in Nursing outsider’s perspective: As your cluster begins evaluating varied ideas and solutions, assign every member a task of obtaining Associate in Nursing outsider’s opinion. If the solutions being mentioned are sensitive, then raise them to speak to a selected and trustworthy leader within the corporate. Step 7: Consult an outdoor expert: If a project or resolution has parts that run outside the experience of the cluster, take into account tantalizing an outdoor knowledgeable to a gathering to participate within the discussion of the group’s planned solutions. Outsiders typically offer a refreshing modification to social psychology, Associate in Nursing knowledgeable opinions alter everybody within the cluster to be told from an expert’s insights and knowledge. Step 8: choose one person indiscriminately to be the devil’s advocate at every meeting: Once meeting attendees are all gift, draw straws to examine WHO can function the devil’s advocate for the meeting. The one who is chosen are going to be charged with “thinking like Associate in Nursing enemy” and countering all in style ideas and opinions within the meeting so as to encourage healthy dialogue and check the strength of opposing arguments. Take conferences one step further: Now that you just recognize the signs of decision making and the way to avoid its creativeness debilitating presence in your conferences, you’re one step nearer to holding the type of extremely productive conferences wherever workers be at liberty to submit their best ideas. however don’t forget face-to-face communication – a vital part in death penalty a number of the key steps to avoid decision making. therefore move, kick decision making to the curb and provides yourself a praises. .
  6. Every Business has got points to Improve on. It is not lack of Cost , Time is not a factor, The main reason is Indian Business man has not got the importance of Six sigma, It is awareness, When i tried finding out the reason when speaking to different industrial association in and around Mumbai, Awareness is not there . In India, the situation is similar to Japan in 70"s. Lot of Scope and Lot of Business opportunity by implementing Six Sigma. Someone can become Father of Six sigma in India , If someone can Properly Plan and implement the idea
  7. Game Theory within the Business World The classical example of theory of games within the business world arises once Associate in Nursingalyzing Associate in Nursing economic setting characterised by an market. competitive firms have the choice to just accept the fundamental evaluation structure approved by the opposite firms or to introduce a cheaper price schedule. Despite it being within the common interest to collaborate with competitors, following a logical thought method causes the companies to default. As a result, everyone seems to be worse off. though this is often a reasonably basic state of affairs, call analysis has influenced the overall business setting and may be a factor within the use of compliance contracts. Game theory has branched bent include several alternative business disciplines. From best selling campaign ways to waging war choices, ideal auction ways, and pick designs, theory of games provides a theoretical framework with material implications. for instance, pharmaceutical firms systematically face choices relating to whether or not to promote a product straightaway and gain a competitive edge over rival companies, or prolong the testing amount of the drug. If a bankrupt company is being liquidated and its assets auctioned off, what's the best approach for the auction? what's the most effective thanks to structure proxy pick schedules? Since these choices involve varied parties, theory of games provides the bottom for rational deciding. Nash Equilibrium The equilibrium is a crucial construct in theory of games bearing on a stable state in a very game wherever no player will gain a bonus by unilaterally dynamical his strategy, forward the opposite participants conjointly don't modification their ways. The equilibrium provides the answer construct in a very noncooperative game. the idea is employed in social science and alternative disciplines. it's named once John writer WHO received the Alfred Nobel in 1994 for his work. One of the a lot of common samples of the equilibrium is that the prisoner’s quandary. during this game, there ar 2 suspects in separate rooms being interrogated at an equivalent time. every suspect is obtainable a reduced sentence if he confesses and provides up the opposite suspect. The vital part is that if each confess, they receive a extended sentence than if neither suspect aforementioned something. The mathematical answer, given as a matrix of attainable outcomes, shows that logically each suspects confess to the crime. as long as the suspect within the alternative room’s best choice is to confess, the suspect logically confesses. Thus, this game encompasses a single equilibrium of each suspects confessing to the crime. The prisoner’s quandary may be a noncooperative game since the suspects cannot convey their intentions to every alternative. Another vital construct, zero-sum games, conjointly stemmed from the first concepts given in theory of games and therefore the equilibrium. basically, any quantitative gains by one party ar up to the losses of another party. Swaps, forwards, choices and alternative money instruments ar usually represented as "zero-sum" instruments, taking their roots from a thought that currently appears distant.
  8. I have done project on analysis of productivity of employee . In my view Maintenance Department keeps Machine productivity at optimum level by preventive Maintenance , the Same way HR can play important role in identifying the company goals were not achieved due to many reasons but how much by employee not contributing on Daily / Monthly / Quarterly basis by keeping a note on daily performance of employees at Shop floor and Monthly achievement of targets by staff level employees . Project was successfully completed and the results appreciated by directors . Focus on Employee productivity and delivery from HR perspective.
  9. I think, 1.people only respond to mandatory things mostly, it is not mandatory to upload pics, so when not mandatory, why anyone will take pain. 2. No extra points to upload, can be one more reason, management should give minimum points for sharing details and interest level also increases of individual
  10. Burn down and Burn up charts square measure 2 sorts of charts that project managers use to trace and communicate the progress of their comes. A burn down chart shows what proportion work is remaining to be worn out the project, whereas a burn up shows what proportion work has been completed, and therefore the total quantity of labour. These charts square measure significantly wide utilized in Agile and start software package project management. A burn down and burn up chart of an equivalent project. within the burn down chart it seems that the team didn't accomplish abundant within the middle of the project however heroically finished everything at the top. The burn up chart shows the entire image - that the scope inflated at the start of the project, and a few scope was removed to end the project by the point, while the team created steady progress through the complete length of the project. The primary determinant in whether or not to use a burn up or burn down chart is what you're making an attempt to accomplish, your goal. square measure you presenting to shoppers for the continued survival of the project? square measure you making an attempt to inspire your project team? square measure you merely making an attempt to extend your own data and understanding of what's happening within the project? The answers to those queries can verify that chart to use. burn down charts square measure straightforward. one line sport towards zero because the project is completed. Anyone will perceive this chart, and it doesn't want an evidence. but it will hide vital data, as an example the consequences of scope modification. Scope modification is once work is additional to or far from a project. we tend to square measure all aware of scope modification, the shopper suddenly demands further options, or work is far from a project to satisfy a point. A burndown chart doesn't show this data as clearly as a burn up chart. A burn up tracks completed work and total work with 2 separate lines, not like a burn down chart which mixes them into one line. the entire work line communicates vital data - is that the project not however complete as a result of work is slow to be done, or an excessive amount of new work is being additional. This data are often crucial in identification and rectifying issues with a project. If you're presenting project reach an equivalent audience on a daily basis, as an example weekly client progress conferences, you're in all probability more happy with a burn up. it'll permit you to simply show them you're creating progress, even though they need been adding additional work, or testing has disclosed issues that square measure adding work to the project. The images sourced from Wikipedia
  11. The Paynter Chart may be a tool that goes on the far side a Pareto. A Pareto Chart focuses on issues that supply the best potential for improvement by showing their ratio or size or number of occurrence. A Paynter Chart goes on the far side the Pareto Chart by sub-grouping the Pareto bars. The subgroups may well be days, hours, etc. The Paynter Chart is predicated on the Pareto Chart principle, that focuses on the areas of priority and quickly puts them during a easy graphical type by subgroups. It helps your team focus their efforts wherever they'll have greatest impact.
  12. Option 2,calculating the sample size is easier and effective. There are benefits of calculating sample size. Benefit - time saved, money saved, manpower saved and as certified six sigma faculty we will take this approach of calculating sample
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