Defective is a product or service that has one or more defects in it. Defective items are rejected by the customers
Defect is a feature or functionality in a product or service that fails to meet the customer requirements. Also known as errors, there can be multiple defects in a product or service
Defects Per Million Opportunities (DPMO) is a metric used to assess the performance levels of a process. It is the number of defects (or errors) made per total number of opportunities to make a defect (i.e. number of units times the number of opportunity per unit) normalized to one million
Yield is defined as the ratio of the total units delivered defect free to the customer over the total number of units that entered the system.
An application-oriented question on the topic along with responses can be seen below. The best answer was provided by
Steve Cropp on 23rd May 2019.
Applause for all the respondents- Steve Cropp, Rohit Kumar Singh, Chander Mohan Dhingra, Rima, Ferdoz Yunis, Sreyash Sangam.