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Lean Six Sigma Black Belt
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Everything posted by AmitKumar

  1. Bodystorming is based on the brainstorming idea with the relevant team members. Bodystorming is a technique used in early stage of any design process that takes the customer viewpoint into consideration while designing a new product or services. In place of trying to imagine about the product use, Bodystorming enables design team to act as the required product or process already exists. This helps to create more user-friendly experience & understand the product much better. It reduces the chances of rework also. Steps to perform Bodystorming: Define the scenario which needs to be examined & prepare team for the same. Monitor the behavior of the people involved & capture all relevant actions. Replay the scenario again based on the info gained. Gather the experience of the participants during the simulation drill. Analyze the finding received by this exercise & take actions accordingly.
  2. Card Sorting is method / Approach to evaluate different information for any given design projects. Generally, in Card Sorting, participants organize all related topics in different categories & make bucket accordingly. It can be done by using Actual card, Paper or online software available. Some of the Card Sorting methods are Open, Closed, Remote & Face to Face. Benefits of Card Sorting Method: It provides good insights of all possible info for evaluation. This is easy & simple to understand & execute among the team. It ensures all users participations. It is cost effective & not much cost is involved. Limitation of Card Sorting: There may be lack of consensus while categorizing. This may not reach to root cause of the issue. Based on this, data analysis is not easy to perform. It may give different result at different time.
  3. Hick's law was named after British and American psychologists William Edmund Hick and Ray Hyman. In the year 1952, this pair had examined the relationship between the number of choices present and an individual’s reaction time for those given choices. Hick's Law states that the more choices users face, the longer it will take for them to come up a decision. This Law can help to reduce the complexity in any design or process to simplifying the decision-making process forgiven set of users. increasing the number of choices will increase the decision time also. This law is often being used in user experience design also. For example, one experiment showed that customers more likely to purchase jars of pickles when there were 6 flavors displayed rather than when there are 10 flavors shown. Benefits of Hicks Law: It reduces choices when resolution times are critical to increase the overall decision time. It generally uses progressive onboarding to minimize cognitive load for new users. It avoids overwhelming users by highlighting the adequate recommended options as well. It breaks complex tasks into smaller tasks to decrease cognitive load.
  4. Lean: Lean originated from Toyota & focus mainly to deliver better customer value through continuous improvement with respect to products and processes both. Agile- Agile is majorly used in Software development lifecycle. It aims to build software as quickly as possible by dividing the total project in small parts & have daily governance around that. The major difference between Lean & Agile are listed below. Sl Lean Agile 1 Lean Started in 1940 Agile started in 1990 2 Lean can be used in any industry Agile major use is in Software Development industry 3 Lean talks about the optimization of production process Agile methodology talks about the optimization of development process 4 Lean can be applied all cross process within a company Agile Applies within a team 5 Lean applies to repetitive processes to improve Agile focuses on making a new product in a better way
  5. Backward and Forward integrations are two major strategies which is used my major organization to gain competitive advantages in the market and to get required control over the value chain of the industry & diminish the dependency on supplier/customers. These strategies are majorly used while developing future growth expansion plans for any organization. these two strategies are known as vertical integration altogether too. Forward Integration: Company selects forward integration when a manufacturer decides to execute distribution or retail functions within the distribution channel. In simple terms, it means to eliminating the middleman role. In this situation, manufacturers may eliminate the retailers/ wholesaler & sell directly to customers only. The major objective here is to optimize cost and gain the efficiency. For Example,An Apparel company which has its own manufacturing & control over distributors can sell directly product to customer without any middleman. Backward Integration: Here companies aim for control over their supply chains and try to procure raw materials directly by eliminating the suppliers. The term “Backward” is used because the company moves in backward direction to obtain business advantage. Example- An Apparel company build its own manufacturing unit rather than taking parts from supplier.
  6. One Touch Exchange of Die which is OTED – This is one of the techniques of Single Minute Exchange of Dies (SMED) that helps in reducing the tool exchange process and machine set-up process to a single step only. Generally OTED is advanced way of SMED that occurs only after many easy Set-up reducing activities has been performed. OTED needs below actions mainly- A. Reduction or Elimination of process adjustments B. Get rid of from screw fastenings C. going towards More strength and D. going towards More precision E. Separating die material & die function from each other F. LCM -The Least Common Multiple method
  7. This termed Iceberg was coined by American writer Ernest Hemingway. The Iceberg Theory suggests that most of the time, people cannot see or find situations’ s data & existing conditions. The theory is also called as 'Theory of Omission'. It is applicable to most of daily or professional scenarios. It says that most of the reasons are hidden like as Iceberg in the ocean. The major portion of the Iceberg remains below the surface & slight portion stays above the surface. Most of the Iceberg is not visible & hence we see only Tip of the Iceberg. It may be very small information available at the tip of Iceberg. In some scenarios, Iceberg relates to culture, Music, Food for a particular reason as well. We have to dig dipper to understand the real problem & reasons to solve the issue from the grass root level. It will help to eradicate the problem completely from the system & process will become more effective too.
  8. In Statistics, Poisson distribution was named after French mathematician Siméon Denis Poisson. Poisson distribution is a tool which helps for predicting the probability of certain events happening when we know how often particular event had occurred in the past already. It has condition as Events occur independently. One Example of the Poisson distribution usage is calls coming in call center & capacity planning is being done based on the Poisson distribution of the incoming calls. The mean & variations of the Poisson distribution is same.
  9. Timeboxing is a very famous & popular technique for time management exercise, which can help to take better planning & control over member’s schedule. In general terms, It means that plan your time for each activity in advance to avoid any gap in the schedule of all planned activity. Timeboxing Benefits: It helps members to set strict limits on specific area of the project. This in turn organize team member in adequate manner for specific task completion activity. It helps member to keep laser focused approach on the prime deliverables. This helps in achieving the assigned outcome in less timeframe that results in less costs and increased revenue for the organization. It helps in increasing the productivity and efficiency for the process as well. It’s helps in reducing over-processing waste also.
  10. Jishu Hozen Majorly talks about the activities that eliminate Machine/equipment failures, minor issues in machines or defects in machines by maintaining, improving and restoring equipment to expected / desirable forms. The activities in Jishu Hozen will prevent deterioration of Machines / equipment, which will result in increased/improved production output/ efficiency. It helps in reducing the Oil Consumption & reducing the overall Process type of the process as well. It helps in Speedy notification/Proactive alert of failures & malfunctions which may occur in machine in future to plan the production in proper manner & avoid any losses due to issues with Machines.
  11. its like asking..who came first..chicken or Egg. but anywz both replicate each other only.
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